Beyond Borders: Advances in Global Welfare <p dir="ltr"><em>Beyond Borders: Advances in Global Welfare</em> (BBAGW) is an Open Access and peer-reviewed journal published by The Boston College School of Social Work. The journal is a joint venture between Boston College and IFCU-Social Sciences.</p> <p dir="ltr">Our primary goal is to present a widely accessible platform upon which Social Work practitioners, scholars, and educators can reflect on and share best practices and innovations taking place in the arena of Social Welfare worldwide. In addition to original research, each issue will highlight selected human service organizations and will focus on evidence-based practices (EBP) and innovation utilized to address social problems.</p> <p dir="ltr">The Journal publishes two issues each year – one in the spring and the other in the fall.</p> Boston College Libraries en-US Beyond Borders: Advances in Global Welfare 2475-1294 <p dir="ltr"><span>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span>I grant to Boston College the right to include and publish my submission in the online journal </span><span>Beyond Borders: Advances in Global Transformation.</span><span> I will retain copyright ownership but hereby grant to Boston College the nonexclusive, world-wide, royalty-free right to use, copy, distribute, and display my submission in any format or medium for any educational, noncommercial purposes, including as part of the online journal. Boston College will apply the </span><a href=""><span>Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</span></a><span> to all works published in </span><span>Beyond Borders: Advances in Global Transformation.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span>These rights include, without limitation, the right to maintain one or more copies of the submission in multiple formats for security, backup, and preservation purposes, and to allow a third party to hold one or more copies solely for such purposes.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span>I represent and warrant that the submission is my original work, that I have the right to grant the permission in this agreement, and that, to the best of my knowledge, the submission will not infringe upon anyone’s intellectual property rights. I have obtained all necessary permissions to include in my submission any materials created or owned by third parties and any such third party material is clearly identified and acknowledged within the content of the submission.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span>If the submission is based upon work that has been sponsored or supported by an organization or agency other than Boston College, I certify that I have fulfilled any right of review or other obligations required by any contract or agreement with such agency or organization.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span>Boston College will clearly identify my name as the author or owner of the submission.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><span>Nothing in this agreement shall be deemed to obligate Boston College to publish the submission.</span></p> Using Propensity Score Analysis to Examine Participation in CalFresh and Its Association with Dietary Intake among Californian Adults in Poverty <p><strong>Background: </strong>CalFresh, also known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in California, seeks to meet the dietary needs and improve the health and well-being of Californians, especially those living in poverty. The SNAP participation rate in California remains lower than the national average. Research that identifies the determinants of CalFresh participation among adults in poverty is needed to improve the reach and utilization of the program. In addition, the association between CalFresh participation and dietary intake is unknown among adults in poverty.</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>(1) To examine the determinants of participation in CalFresh; (2) To examine the association between CalFresh and dietary intake.</p> <p><strong>Participants: </strong>Data came from the 2012 California Health Interview Survey.The sample included 2,637 non-institutionalized Californian adults with income below the federal poverty level income.</p> <p><strong>Statistical analysis: </strong>Logistic regression was used to examine the individual, household, and neighborhood-level determinants of CalFresh participation. Propensity score matching was used to investigate the association between CalFresh and intake of fruits, vegetables, soda, fries, and fast food in the past week.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>CalFresh participation was significantly associated with age, income, employment status, family type, and house tenure (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.001). CalFresh participants had 26% higher intake of fries than non-participants (<em>P </em>&lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Future research should address the barriers of CalFresh participation among underserved populations to improve its reach. Food assistance program should be accompanied with community nutrition inventions to improve dietary quality among recipients.</p> Kaipeng Wang Bongki Woo Carrie Draper Copyright (c) 2019 Kaipeng Wang 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 1 1 1 23 Food safety and democracy: what interactions? <p>In this paper, five different case studies were carried out to analyze and examine the presence and prevalence of food safety related disease, the economy and the political situation of fourteen different developing countries. The studies’ goal was to determine if there is a correlation or connection between the country’s level of democracy and the food-related health issues.</p> <p>The research method included an extensive gathering and analysis through descriptive statistics of the documentation and data provided from Non-Governmental Organizations and health organizations. Articles, academical analyses and third party on-the-ground reports were used too. For the political section, the attention has been focused on the institutional democracy (structural level) and on the civil rights and personal freedoms (social level). For the health-issues part, it was decided to focus on the most relevant indexes of food safety status among the population: diarrheal diseases, intestinal infectious diseases, liver cancer and malnutrition.</p> <p>This research denotes that there is a connection between the level of democracy and food-related health issues. As the democracy level increases, the prevalence of the aforementioned diseases decreases, but it also highlights that other economic factors could play a crucial role too. Lastly, it also suggests that democracy alone cannot address some health issues (such as malnutrition) and other ways need to be found.</p> Marco Zannini Daniela Bassi Pier Sandro Cocconcelli Copyright (c) 2019 Marco Zannini 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 1 1 WIC Professionals’ Adaptations in Clinical Practice to Better Assess and Address Household Food Insecurity in Diverse Nonmetropolitan Families <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Background: </span>While research on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation and proximal health indicators has been considerable, literature on best practices for assessing and addressing household food insecurity in public health clinics remain limited. The purpose of this study was to examine WIC professionals’ approaches to assessing and addressing household food insecurity in participating</p> <p class="p1">families.</p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Method: </span>During January 2018, we conducted four focus groups utilizing a semi-structured interview guide with public health staff (N = 24) across four</p> <p class="p1">diverse nonmetropolitan public health districts in Midwestern counties. WIC staff included social workers, nurses, nutritionists, and ancillary staff. All</p> <p class="p1">interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and verified. NVivo 11.4.2 software was used for data organization and qualitative analysis.</p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Results: </span>WIC providers spoke at length about adapting their approach to assess and address food insecurity in settings with unique characteristics due</p> <p class="p1">to cultural diversity. Four key themes emerged: 1) Language adaptation to assess food insecurity, 2) Challenges posed by male presence while assessing</p> <p class="p1">food insecurity, 3) Individualized client education to promote use of WIC food items, and 4) Diverse WIC staff can better assess food insecurity in diverse</p> <p class="p1">populations.</p> <p class="p1">Conclusion: Findings from this study bring attention to important and previously undocumented adaptations to clinical practice that WIC staff utilize</p> <p class="p1">to best meet the needs of their local populations.</p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Keywords: </span> Food insecurity, WIC, low-income, maternal child health, diversity, nonmetropolitan</p> Shannon Simonovich Copyright (c) 2019 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 1 1 10.6017/bbagw.v1i1.11839 Femininity and Feeding the Family in India: Adapting SDGs and the Social Work Agenda for Women and Food Security <p>This paper examines the gendered nature of practices that relate to food access and food provision predominantly within the socio-cultural context of the indian rural household. Such food practices stem from the social construction of gender roles and responsibilities that assigns the liability of feeding the family to a feminine quality and responsibility. It deliberates on the food security act of 2013 and suggests that in addressing the core vulnerability of women in accessing food, the issue of addressing economic risks should be coupled with addressing social risks in order to transform the lives of women and restore human dignity. Challenging structural causes imbedded in cultural practices that are a result of social injustices and disempowerment of women need to be carefully addressed. The conscious application of a ‘gender sensitive’ approach can emerge as a powerful practice tool to accomplish the sdgs, particularly goals that focus on zero hunger and gender equality. It suggests that integrating the mission of sdgs with that of the global agenda of social work will go a long way in mitigating the issue of gender discrimination. It will be an opportunity to<br>Influence appropriate gender development policies, provide suitable training possibilities and practice methods which social workers and social work educators can envisage. Eliminating gender stereotypes and misogynistic beliefs/practices in food practices should hopefully lead to a healthy and holistic development for women.</p> Sandra Joseph Copyright (c) 2020 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 1 1 10.6017/bbagw.v1i1.13039 The Perceived benefits of Fish Farming to Rural Communities: The Demotivating Factors of The Sector’s Development in Busia County, Kenya <p>Fish farming has and continues to play a vital role in improving nutrition and creating employment. The sociological aspects manifest in the household as well as the community were the focus in the study aimed at establishing the households and group networks in the development of fish farming in Busia County. In as much as there has been heavy investment in the fish farming industry, there have been a number of bottlenecks that slacken development. This paper seeks to point out the impediments to relationship between the realization of perceived benefits sought and the development of fish farming. The theory of reasoned action by Fishbein and Ajzen (1975) was used to explain the sociological relevance of the study. A survey research design that is cross-sectional in nature was used. The target population was that of farmers who registered, were actively involved in fish farming, as well as a number whom through their own initiative, ventured into the enterprise. Eight key informants were selected for the study. This study used a mixed-methods approach. The main statistical test that was used was Chi-square goodness-of-fit. The study findings pointed to the lack of relationship between perceived benefits and the development of fish farming in Busia County. Further, possible explanations revolving around the societal setup were picked out as the issues elucidating this. The study recommended that key components on conflict resolution and functionality should be included in the training, to be applied at family level. This would enhance the synergy and efficient functioning of the families as sociological units in the optimal development of the sector.</p> Michael Sitawa Mugah Copyright (c) 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 1 1 Teen Center at St. Peters <p>For more than 100 years, Catholic Charities has remained focused on its mission to build a just and compassionate society rooted in the dignity of all people. The Catholic Teen Center at St. Peters, an after-school and summer program within Catholic Charities of Boston, was founded nearly 15 years ago as a safe-haven for teens and pre-teens in one of Boston’s most troubled neighborhoods.</p> Paulo DeBarros Copyright (c) 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 1 1 SELFINA <p>My reflection on the partnership between the ELCT Eastern and Coastal Diocese (ECD) and the Northern Great Lakes Synod (NLGS) is based on my work in the economic empowerment of women, my involvement in Church work, as well as my personal experience living in Tanzania.</p> Victoria Kisyombe Copyright (c) 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 1 1 A Note from the Editors <p>We are excited to announce the publication of the first issue of the journal Beyond Borders, advances in Global Welfare. The journal is supported by Boston College School of Social Work in collaboration with the International Social Science Research Group of the International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU). Our first issue is dedicated to the ever-pressing topic of food security. In keeping with the journal’s global orientation and vision of promoting a stronger evidence base to inform responsive practice and policies decisions, the current issue highlights the work of leading scholars, policy makers, and practitioners involved in the research on the critical topic of food security/insecurity globally. Manuscripts included this issue cover a broad range of topics including factors, associated with Dietary Intake among Adults in Poverty; Household Food Insecurity; Femininity and Feeding the Family in India; the Interaction between Food Safety and Democracy as well as examination of the Benefits of Fish Farming to Rural Communities. The issue also highlights the work carried out by two community-based agencies: Catholic Charities (based in the USA) and SELFINA (based in sub-Saharan Africa).</p> Margaret Lombe Copyright (c) 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 1 1