Hybrid Internationalization in Korea: A Promising Development?

  • Hee Kyung Lee Yonsei University
  • Byung Shik Rhee
Keywords: Korea, internationalization of higher education, cross-border higher education, demand-based education, hybrid model of internationalization, academic capitalism, non-English speaking countries


This article presents and analyzes a newly developed model of inbound internationalization of higher education in Korea—a demand-based, locally oriented, hybrid model of internationalization. This model combines existing features of internationalization—the typical study-abroad model in which international students are taught in the host country’s primary language and the decade-long Korean internationalization model, in which international students are educated in separate academic programs—with recently developed, demand-based educational programs. While conventional, English-language-driven internationalization strategies such as increasing the number of English as a medium of instruction (EMI) courses still exist, this hybrid model is becoming popular among Korean higher education institutions. Yet, although this model may seem better than conventional strategies, it still does not solve a main challenge of internationalization, academic capitalism—and it even reproduces it. This article is meant to help higher education institutions in developing countries whose primary language is not English to develop new internationalization strategies.  

How to Cite
Lee, H. K., & Rhee, B. S. (2018). Hybrid Internationalization in Korea: A Promising Development?. International Higher Education, (96), 13-15. https://doi.org/10.6017/ihe.2019.96.10788
Language Issues and the Role of English