Four Ways for France to Get Higher Marks

  • Francis Vérillaud Institut Montaigne
  • Manon Guyot Institut Montaigne
Keywords: France, higher education and research, structural change, funding, tuition fees, governance, autonomy


The COVID-19 crisis has challenged the French higher education and research system. The government must now engage in sound reforms to make the system sustainable in the long run. The challenge is finding out where to begin and identifying what mechanisms are in place and how to change them.

Author Biographies

Francis Vérillaud, Institut Montaigne

Francis Vérillaud is special advisor at Institut Montaigne, Paris, France. Email: 

Manon Guyot, Institut Montaigne

Manon Guyot is head of the Brand Content, Marketing and Communications Department, Institut Montaigne, Paris, France. Email:

How to Cite
Vérillaud, F., & Guyot, M. (2021). Four Ways for France to Get Higher Marks. International Higher Education, (107), 26-27. Retrieved from