STEM Student Learning across Countries

  • Prashant Loyalka Stanford University
  • Ou Lydia Liu ETS
  • Igor Chirikov University of California, Berkeley
Keywords: STEM education, skills acquisition, China, India, Russia


Universities contribute to economic growth and national competitiveness by equipping students with higher-order thinking and academic skills. Despite large investments in university STEM education, little is known about how the skills of STEM undergraduates compare across countries and by institutional selectivity. The authors have provided direct evidence on these issues by collecting and analyzing longitudinal data on tens of thousands of computer science and electrical engineering students in China, India, Russia, and the United States.

Author Biographies

Prashant Loyalka, Stanford University

Prashant Loyalka is associate professor at the Graduate School of Education and senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, US. Email:

Ou Lydia Liu, ETS

Ou Lydia Liu is a principal research director at ETS. Email:

Igor Chirikov, University of California, Berkeley

Igor Chirikov is SERU Consortium director and senior researcher at the Center for Studies in Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley, US. Email:

How to Cite
Loyalka, P., Liu, O. L., & Chirikov, I. (2021). STEM Student Learning across Countries. International Higher Education, (107), 32-33. Retrieved from