Higher Education Transformation in Pakistan: Political and Economic Instability

  • Fred Hayward
Keywords: Economics of Higher Education, International Development, Asia, Pakistan, growth in higher education, political and economic threats to higher education

Abstract

The 2002 creation of the Higher Education Commission, an autonomous body charged with reforming the failing higher education system in Pakistan, marked the start of six impressive years of growth and improvement to its university system. Enrollments increased, quality improved, tenure-track systems encouraged research and retention, and most universities supported the commission. Political and economic instability, beginning in early 2008, began to threaten these gains. Uncertainty, inflation, and budget cuts challenge the sustained growth in Pakistan's higher education system, and may even reverse progress.
Published
2009-01-07
How to Cite
Hayward, F. (2009). Higher Education Transformation in Pakistan: Political and Economic Instability. International Higher Education, (54). https://doi.org/10.6017/ihe.2009.54.8416
Section
South Asia