The Map as a Search Box: Using Linked Data to Create a Geographic Discovery System
This article describes a bibliographic mapping project recently undertaken at the Library of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW). The MARC Advisory Committeerecently approved an update to MARC that enables the use of dereferenceable Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) in MARC subfield $0. The ISAW Library has taken advantage of MARC’s new openness to URIs, using identifiers from the linked data gazetteer Pleiades in MARC records and using this metadata to create maps representing our library’s holdings. By populating our MARC records with URIs from Pleiades, an online, linked open data (LOD) gazetteer of the ancient world, we are able to create maps of the geographic metadata in our library’s catalog. This article describes the background, procedures, and potential future directions for this collection-mapping project.
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The ISAW Library New Titles library is available at http://www.zotero.org/groups/290269.
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For example, Pleiades contains two Place resources with the identical name "Babylon": one the Mesopotamian city and capital of the region known as Babylonia (https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/893951); the other the site of the Muslim capital of Egypt, Al-Fusṭāṭ, known in late antiquity as Babylon (https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/893951727082).
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A method of chronological browsing was described in Vivien Petras, Ray R. Larson, and Michael Buckland, "Time Period Directories: A Metadata Infrastructure for Placing Events in Temporal and Geographic Context," in Digital Libraries, 2006. JCDL'06. Proceedings of the 6th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Library (IEEE, 2006), 151–60, https://doi.org/10.1145/1141753.1141782.
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