Library Management Practices in the Libraries of Pakistan

A Detailed Retrospective

Keywords: Libraries, Pakistani Libraries, Library Management, Resource Acquisition, Resource Discovery & Access, Pakistan, Website Accessibility

Abstract

Library and information science has been at an infant stage in Pakistan, primarily in resource management, description, discovery, and access. The reasons are many, including the lack of interest and use of modern tools, techniques, and best practices by librarians in Pakistan. Finding a solution to these challenges requires a comprehensive study that identifies the current state of libraries in Pakistan. This paper fills this gap in the literature by reviewing the relevant literature published between 2015 and 2021 and selected through a rigorous search and selection methodology. It also analyzes the websites of 82 libraries in Pakistan through a theoretical framework based on various aspects. The findings of this study include: Libraries in Pakistan need a transition from traditional and limited solutions to more advanced information and communication technology (ICT)-enabled, user-friendly, and state-of-the-art systems to produce dynamic, consumable, and sharable knowledge space. They must adopt social semantic cataloging to bring all the stakeholders on a single platform. A libraries consortium should be developed to link users to local, multilingual, and multicultural collections for improved knowledge production, recording, sharing, acquisition, and dissemination. These findings benefit Pakistani libraries, librarians, information science professionals, and researchers in other developing countries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of its kind providing insights into the current state of libraries in Pakistan through the study of their websites using a rigorous theoretical framework and in the light of the latest relevant literature.

Author Biographies

Prof. Dr. Shah Khusro, Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar, 25120, Pakistan

Dr. Shah Khusro is working as Professor of Computer Science and Head of Information and Web Semantics Research Group at the Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan. He has done his PhD from the Institute of Software Technology & Interactive Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria under the supervision of Prof. Dr. A Min Tjoa. Earlier he did his M.Sc. from the Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar with a Gold Medal. He is a member of different academic bodies of several universities in the region. He has attended/organized several international conferences. He is working on some real world projects in eGovernance, Health, and for Blind and Elderly People. His research interests include Web Semantics, Web Engineering, Information Retrieval, Web Mining, Search Engines, Augmented Reality, Mobile based Systems for People with Special Needs, etc.

Irfan Ullah, Department of Computer Science, Shahed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal, Pakistan

Dr. Irfan Ullah is working as Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal, Pakistan. He has received PhD and MS degrees in Computer Science specializing in the area of Web Engineering from Department of Computer Science, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. He has received BS degree in Computer Science from the Department of Computer Science, University of Malakand, Pakistan with a Gold Medal. He has more than ten years of teaching and research experience. He is the author of more than thirty research papers published in national and international journals and conferences. His research interests include Information Retrieval, Interactive Information Retrieval, Information Service Engineering, Web Semantics, Linked Open Data, Ontology Engineering, Social Web, and Social Book Search.

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Published
2022-09-19
How to Cite
Ullah, A., Khusro, S., & Ullah, I. (2022). Library Management Practices in the Libraries of Pakistan. Information Technology and Libraries, 41(3). https://doi.org/10.6017/ital.v41i3.14433
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Articles