Analyzing Digital Collections Entrances: What Gets Used and Why It Matters
AbstractThis paper analyzes usage data from Hunter Library's digital collections using Google Analytics for a period of twenty-seven months from October 2013 through December 2015. The authors consider this data analysis to be important for identifying collections that receive the largest number of visits. We argue this data evaluation is important in terms of better informing decisions for building digital collections that will serve user needs. The authors also study the benefits of harvesting to sites such as the DPLA and consider this paper will contribute to the overall literature on Google Analytics and its use by libraries.
A landing page refers to the homepage of a collection.
The DPLA provides a single portal for accessing digital collections held by cultural heritage institutions across the US. Digital Public Library of America, History, accessed May 19, 2016, http://dp.la/info/about/history/.
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A single view of an item in a digital collection.
Visits to the site that began from another site with an item page being the first page viewed.
Keywords are words visitors used to find the Library’s website when using a search engine. A list of these keywords is provided by Google Analytics.
A session is defined as a “group of interactions that take place on a website within a given time frame” and can include multiple kinds of interactions like page views, social interactions, and economic transactions. In Google Analytics, a session by default lasts 30 minutes though one can adjust this length to last a few seconds or several hours. "How a Session Is Defined in Analytics," Analytics Help, accessed May 20, 2016, https://support.google.com/analytics/answer/2731565?hl=en.
Locations were studied in terms of mostly cities and states.
The WCU acronym in front of collection names stands for Western Carolina University.
Query Explorer — Google Analytics Demos & Tools, accessed May 20, 2016, https://ga-dev-tools.appspot.com/query-explorer/.
"Rest to Excel Library," Desktop Liberation, accessed May 20, 2016, http://ramblings.mcpher.com/Home/excelquirks/json/rest.
"OpenRefine/OpenRefine," GitHub, accessed May 20, 2016, https://github.com/OpenRefine/OpenRefine.
The percentage is based on the total referral count a collection gets--for example--a 6% DPLA referral count for Cherokee Traditions would mean that of all the referrals that this collection gets, DPLA accounts for 6% of the total referrals.
Herold, “Digital Archival Image Collections,” 278.
Krystyna K. Matusiak, "Towards User-centered Indexing in Digital Image Collections," OCLC Systems & Services: International Digital Library Perspectives 22, no. 4 (2006): 283-98,
Ladd, “Access and Use in the Digital Age,” 230.
Fang points out that the improvements made to the Rutgers-Newark Law Library website were able to able to attract more return visitors and thus achieve loyalty. Fang, “Using Google Analytics for Improving Library Website,” 11.
NISO Framework Advisory Group, A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections, report, 2nd ed. (Bethesda: National Information Standards Organization, 2004),
Matusiak, “Towards User-centered Indexing,” 289.
John Walsh, "The Use of Library of Congress Subject Headings in Digital Collections," Library Review 60, no. 4 (2011), doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00242531111127875.
Lynn Silipigni Connaway, The Library in the Life of the User: Engaging with People Where They Live and Learn, report (Dublin: OCLC Research, 2015), http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/2015/oclcresearch-library-in-life-of-user.html.
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