Identifying Emerging Relationship in Healthcare Domain Journals via Citation Network Analysis

  • Kuo-Chung Chu ​National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences
  • Hsin-Ke Lu Chinese Culture University
  • Wen-I Liu ​National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences


Online e-journal databases enable scholars to search the literature in a research domain, or to cross-search an interdisciplinary field. The key literature can thereby be efficiently mapped out. This study builds a Web-based citation analysis system consisting of four modules: (1) literature search; (2) statistics; (3) articles analysis; and (4) co-citation analysis. The system focuses on the PubMed Central dataset and facilitates specific keyword searches in each research domain in terms of authors, journals, and core issues. In addition, we use data mining techniques for co-citation analysis. The results could assist researchers to develop an in-depth understanding of the research domain. An automated system for co-citation analysis promises to facilitate understanding of the changing trends that affect the journal structure of research domains. The proposed system has the potential to become a value-added database of the healthcare domain, which will benefit researchers.

Author Biographies

Kuo-Chung Chu, ​National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences
Department of Information Management
Hsin-Ke Lu, Chinese Culture University
Department of Information Management
Wen-I Liu, ​National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences
Department of Nursing


Kitson, A., Marshall, A., Bassett, K. and Zeitz, K. “What are the core elements of patient-centred care? A narrative review and synthesis of the literature from health policy, medicine and nursing.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 69 (2013): 4–15.

Brownsell, S.J., Williams, G., Bradley, D.A., Bragg, R., Catlin, P., and Carlier, J. “Future systems for remote health care.” Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 5 (1999): 141–152.

Celler, B.G., Lovell, N.H., and Chan, D.K. “The potential impact of home telecare on clinical practice.” Medical Journal of Australia 171 (1999): 518–521.

Walker, R., Dieter, M., Panko, W., and Valenta, A. “What it will take to create new Internet initiatives in health care.” Journal of Medical Systems 27 (2003): 95–103.

Marshakova-Shaikevich, Irina. “The standard impact factor as an evaluation tool of science fields and scientific journals.” Scientometrics 35 (1996): 283–290.

Marshakova-Shaikevich, Irina. “Bibliometric maps of field of science.” Information Processing and Management 41(2005):1534–1547.

Ramos-Rodríguez, A.R. and Ruíz-Navarro, J. “Changes in the intellectual structure of strategic management research: a bibliometric study of the Strategic Management Journal, 1980–2000.” Strategic Management Journal 25, no. 10 (2004): 981–1004.

Small, Henry. “Co-citation in the scientific literature: a new measure of the relationship between two documents.” Journal of American Society for Information Science 24 (1973): 265–269.

Kessler, Michael Myer. “Bibliographic coupling between scientific papers.” American Documentation 14 (1963): 10–25.

Weinberg, Bella Hass. “Bibliographic coupling: a review.” Information Storage and Retrieval 10 (1974): 189–196.

White, H.D. and Griffith, B.C. “Author cocitation: A literature measure of intellectual structure.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 32 (1981): 163–171.

Ding, Y., Chowdhury, G.G., & Foo, S. 2001. “Bibliometric cartography of information retrieval research by using co-word analysis” Information Processing & Management 37, no. 6 (November 2001): 817-842.

Sullivan, D., Koester, D., White, D.H., and Kern, R. “Understanding rapid theoretical change in particle physics: A month-by-month co-citation analysis.” Scientometrics 2 (1980): 309–319.

Shibata, N., Kajikawa, Y., Takeda, Y., and Matsushima, K. “Detecting emerging research fronts based on topological measures in citation networks of scientific publications.” Technovation 28 (2008): 758–775.

PubMed_Central. Accessed February 9, 2009.

Agarwal, R. and R. Srikant. “Fast algorithm for mining association rules in large databases.” Paper presented at the International conference on very large databases (VLDB), 1994.

Amcharts. Accessed November 2, 2012.

Agarwal, R., Imielinski, T., and Swami, A. 1993. “Mining association rules between sets of items in large databases.” Paper presented at the ACM SIGMOD, New York, USA, 1993.

How to Cite
Chu, K.-C., Lu, H.-K., & Liu, W.-I. (2018). Identifying Emerging Relationship in Healthcare Domain Journals via Citation Network Analysis. Information Technology and Libraries, 37(1), 39-51.