Information Technology and Libraries 2022-06-21T11:42:14-07:00 Ken Varnum Open Journal Systems <p><em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> publishes material related to all <strong>aspects of information technology in all types of libraries</strong>. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, library automation, digital libraries, metadata, identity management, distributed systems and networks, computer security, intellectual property rights, technical standards, geographic information systems, desktop applications, information discovery tools, web-scale library services, cloud computing, digital preservation, data curation, virtualization, search-engine optimization, emerging technologies, social networking, open data, the semantic web, mobile services and applications, usability, universal access to technology, library consortia, vendor relations, and digital humanities.</p> Letter from the Editors (June 2022) 2022-06-21T00:47:41-07:00 Kenneth J. Varnum Marisha C. Kelly 2022-06-16T06:56:14-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kenneth J. Varnum and Marisha C. Kelly Gathering Strength to Combat Access Inequality 2022-06-21T11:42:14-07:00 Julie Lane <p>Nestled on the northern edge of Lake Ontario, Prince Edward County is home to a six branch public library system that is proud to have created a robust and vibrant relationship with the local school board. Through the lens of access, this article explores the steps taken by the public library to create meaningful connections with administrative staff on the school board level in order to bring practical training and resources to teachers and students in order to enhance and support their learning.&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-15T12:37:39-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Julie Lane Rarely Analyzed 2022-06-21T00:48:52-07:00 Allison McCormack Rachel Wittmann <p>The relationship between physical and digitized rare books can be complex and, at times, nebulous. When building a digital library, should showcasing a representative slice of the physical collection be the goal? Should stakeholders focus on preservation concerns, high-use items, or other concerns? To explore these conundrums, a special collections librarian and digital services librarian performed a comparative analysis of their library’s physical and digital rare books collections. After exporting MARC metadata for the rare books from their ILS, the librarians examined the place of publication, publication date, and broad subject range of the collection. They used this data to create a variety of visualizations with the open-source digital humanities tool Tableau Public. Next, the authors downloaded the rare books metadata from the digital library and created illuminating data visualizations. Were the geographic, temporal, and subject scope of the digital library similar to that of the physical rare books collection? If not, what accounts for the differences? The implications of these and other findings will be explored.</p> 2022-06-15T12:43:50-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Allison McCormack and Rachel Wittmann Ontology for the User-Learner Profile Personalizes the Search Analysis of Online Learning Resources 2022-06-21T00:48:42-07:00 Marilou Kordahi <p class="AbstractText">We hope to contribute to the field of research in information technology and digital libraries by analyzing the connections between Thematic Digital Universities and digital user-learner profiles. Thematic Digital Universities are similar to digital libraries, and focus on creating and indexing open educational resources, as well as <a name="_Hlk83648590"></a>improving learning in the information age. The digital user profile relates to the digital representation of a person’s identity and characteristics. In this paper we present the design of an ontology for the digital User-Learner Profile (OntoULP) and its application program. OntoULP is used to structure a user-learner’s digital profile. The application provides each user-learner with tailor-made analyses based on informational behaviors, needs, and preferences. We rely on an exploratory research approach and on methods of ontologies, user modeling, and semantic matching to design the OntoULP and its application program. Any user-learner could use the OntoULP and its application program.</p> 2022-06-15T12:52:57-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marilou Kordahi Applying Topic Modeling for Automated Creation of Descriptive Metadata for Digital Collections 2022-06-21T00:48:32-07:00 Monika Glowacka-Musial <p class="AbstractText">Creation of descriptive metadata for digital objects tends to be a laborious process. Specifically, subject analysis that seeks to classify the intellectual content of digitized documents typically requires considerable time and effort to determine subject headings that best represent the substance of these documents. This project examines the use of topic modeling to streamline the workflow for assigning subject headings to the digital collection of New Mexico State University news releases issued between 1958 and 2020. The optimization of the workflow enables timely scholarly access to unique primary source documentation.</p> 2022-06-15T13:01:24-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Monika Glowacka-Musial Research on Knowledge Organization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Based on Metadata 2022-06-21T00:48:22-07:00 Fan Qing Guoxin Tan Chuanming Sun Panfeng Chen <p class="AbstractText">Metadata has been analyzed and summarized. Based on Dublin Core metadata, combined with the characteristics and forms of intangible cultural heritage, this article explores the metadata for intangible cultural heritage in knowledge organizations based on relevant resource description standards. The Wuhan woodcarving ship model is presented as an example of national intangible cultural heritage to control the application of metadata in intangible cultural heritage knowledge organizations. New ideas are provided for the digital development of intangible cultural heritage.</p> 2022-06-15T13:11:44-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fan Qing, Guoxin Tan, Chuanming Sun, and Panfeng Chen Contactless Services 2022-06-21T00:48:11-07:00 Yajun Guo Zinan Yang Yiming Yuan Huifang Ma Yan Quan Liu <p>Contactless services have become a common way for public libraries to provide services. As a result, the strategy used by public libraries in China will effectively stop the spread of epidemics caused by human touch and will serve as a model for other libraries throughout the world. The primary goal of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the contactless service measures provided by large Chinese public libraries for users in the pandemic era, as well as the challenges and countermeasures for providing such services. The data for this study was obtained using a combination of website investigation, content analysis, and telephone interviews for an analytical survey study of 128 large public libraries in China. The study finds that touch-free information dissemination, remote resources use, no-touch interaction self-services, network services, online reference, and smart services without personal interactions are among the contactless services available in Chinese public libraries. Exploring the current state of contactless services in large public libraries in China will help to fill a need for empirical attention to contactless services in libraries and the public sector. Up-to-date information to assist libraries all over the world in improving their contactless services implementation and practices is provided.</p> 2022-06-15T13:21:47-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Yajun Guo, Zinan Yang, Yiming Yuan, Huifang Ma, and Yan Quan Liu Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) 2022-06-21T00:48:00-07:00 Michael Ridley <p>The field of explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) advances techniques, processes, and strategies that provide explanations for the predictions, recommendations, and decisions of opaque and complex machine learning systems. Increasingly academic libraries are providing library users with systems, services, and collections created and delivered by machine learning. Academic libraries should adopt XAI as a tool set to verify and validate these resources, and advocate for public policy regarding XAI that serves libraries, the academy, and the public interest.</p> 2022-06-15T13:35:25-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Michael Ridley Classical Musicians v. Copyright Bots 2022-06-21T00:47:51-07:00 Adam Berkowitz <p class="AbstractText">The COVID-19 pandemic forced classical musicians to cancel in-person recitals and concerts and led to the exploration of virtual alternatives for engaging audiences. The apparent solution was to livestream and upload performances to social media websites for audiences to view, leading to income and a sustained social media presence; however, automated copyright enforcement systems add new layers of complexity because of an inability to differentiate between copyrighted content and original renditions of works from the public domain. This article summarizes the conflict automated copyright enforcement systems pose to classical musicians and suggests how libraries may employ mitigation tactics to reduce the negative impacts when uploaders are accused of copyright infringement.</p> 2022-06-15T13:42:16-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Adam Eric Berkowitz