Information Technology and Libraries <p><em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> publishes material related to all <strong>aspects of information technology in all types of libraries</strong>. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, library automation, digital libraries, metadata, identity management, distributed systems and networks, computer security, intellectual property rights, technical standards, geographic information systems, desktop applications, information discovery tools, web-scale library services, cloud computing, digital preservation, data curation, virtualization, search-engine optimization, emerging technologies, social networking, open data, the semantic web, mobile services and applications, usability, universal access to technology, library consortia, vendor relations, and digital humanities.</p> Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association en-US Information Technology and Libraries 0730-9295 <p>Authors that submit to&nbsp;<em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> agree to the <a title="Copyright Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Copyright Notice</a>.</p> Letter from the Editor Kenneth J. Varnum Copyright (c) 2021 Kenneth J. Varnum 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.14291 How COVID Affected our Python Class at the Worcester Public Library <p>Teaching a technical class online due to COVID required some adjustments by both the instructor and the students.&nbsp;</p> Melody Friedenthal Copyright (c) 2021 Melody Friedenthal 2021-12-17 2021-12-17 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.14041 Stateful Library Analysis and Migration System (SLAM) <p><span lang="EN-GB">Interoperability between research management systems, especially digital libraries or repositories, has been a central theme in the community for the past years, with the discussion focused on means of enriching, linking, and disseminating outputs. This paper considers a frequently overlooked aspect, namely the migration of records across systems, by introducing the Stateful Library Analysis and Migration system (SLAM) and presenting practical experiences with migrating records from DSpace and Digital Commons repositories to Figshare.</span></p> Adrian-Tudor Panescu Teodora-Elena Grosu Vasile Manta Copyright (c) 2021 Adrian-Tudor Panescu, Teodora-Elena Grosu, Vasile Manta 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.12035 Black, White, and Grey <p class="AbstractText">This study seeks to extend wicked problems analysis within the context of a library’s support for virtual reality (VR) and the related extended reality (XR) emerging technologies. The researchers conducted 11 interviews with 13 librarians, embedded IT staff, and/or faculty members who were involved in administering, managing, or planning a virtual reality lab or classroom in a library (or similar unit) in a higher education setting. The qualitative analysis of the interviews identified clusters of challenges, which are categorized as either emergent (but solvable) such as portability and training; complicated (but possible) such as licensing and ethics: and/or wicked (but tameable). The respondents framed their role in supporting the wickedness of VR/XR in three basic ways: library as gateway, library as learning partner, and library as maker. Five taming strategies were suggested from this research to help librarians wrestle with these challenges of advocating for a vision of VR/XR on their respective campuses. This research also hints at a larger role for librarians in the research of technology diffusion and what that might mean to their role in higher education in the future.</p> Gillian (Jill) D Ellern Laura Cruz Copyright (c) 2021 Gillian D. Ellern, Laura Cruz 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.12915 Bridging the Gap <p>The year of COVID-19, 2020, brought unique experiences to everyone in their daily as well as their professional life. Facing many challenges of division in all aspects (social distancing, political and social divisions, remote work environments), University of South Florida Libraries took the lead in exploring how to overcome these various separations by providing access to its high-quality information sources to its local community and beyond. This paper shares the insights of using Linked Data technology to provide easy access to digital cultural heritage collections not only for the scholarly communities but also for those underrepresented user groups. The authors present the challenges at this special time of the history, discuss the possible solutions, and propose future work to further the effort.</p> Jason Boczar Bonita Pollock Xiying Mi Amanda Yeslibas Copyright (c) 2021 Jason Boczar, Bonita Pollock, Xiying Mi, Amanda Yeslibas 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.13063 Developing a Minimalist Multilingual Full-text Digital Library Solution for Disconnected Remote Library Partners <p><span lang="EN">The University of Florida (UF) George A. Smathers Libraries have been involved in a wide range of partnered digital collection projects throughout the years with a focus on collaborating with institutions across the Caribbean region. One of the countries that we have a number of digitization projects within is Cuba. One of these partnerships is with the library of the Temple Beth Shalom (Gran Sinagoga Bet Shalom) in Havana, Cuba. As part of this partnership, we have sent personnel over to Cuba to do onsite scanning and digitization of selected materials found within the institution. The digitized content from this project was brought back to UF and loaded into our University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC) system. Because internet availability and low bandwidth are issues in Cuba, the Synagogue’s ability to access the full-text digitized content residing on UFDC was an issue. The Synagogue also did not have a local digital library system to load the newly digitized content. To respond to this need we focused on providing a minimalist technology solution that was highly portable to meet their desire to conduct full-text searches within their library on their digitized content. This article will explore the solution that was developed using a USB flash drive loaded with a PortableApps version of Zotero loaded with multilingual OCR’s documents.</span></p> Todd Digby Copyright (c) 2021 Todd Digby 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.13319 Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Statements on Academic Library Websites <p class="AbstractText">Post-secondary education in the 21st century United States is rapidly diversifying, and institutions’ online offerings and presence are increasingly significant. Academic libraries have an established history of offering virtual services and providing online resources for students, faculty, staff, and the general public. In addition to these services and resources, information on academic library websites can contribute to an institution’s demonstration of value placed on diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI). This article analyzes the DEI statements of a library consortium’s member websites to explore how these statements contribute to institutional construction of, and commitment to, diversity, equity, and inclusion. Descriptive analysis revealed 12 of 16 member libraries had explicitly labeled DEI statements in November 2020, with an additional member updating their website to include such a statement in early 2021. Content analysis examined how the existing statements contributed to institutional value of and commitment to DEI, and multi-modal theory explored the communicative aspects of DEI statement content. Analysis revealed vague conceptualizations of diversity and library-centered language in DEI statements, while a subset of statements employed anti-racist and social justice language to position the library as an active agent for social change. Implications and avenues for future research are discussed.</p> Eric Ely Copyright (c) 2021 Eric Ely 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.13353 A 21st Century Technical Infrastructure for Digital Preservation <p>Digital preservation systems and practices are rooted in research and development efforts from the late 1990s and early 2000s when the cultural heritage sector started to tackle these challenges in isolation. Since then, the commercial sector has sought to solve similar challenges, using different technical strategies such as software defined storage and function-as-a-service. While commercial sector solutions are not necessarily created with long-term preservation in mind, they are well aligned with the digital preservation use case. The cultural heritage sector can benefit from adapting these modern approaches to increase sustainability and leverage technological advancements widely in use across Fortune 500 companies.</p> Nathan Tallman Copyright (c) 2021 Nathan Tallman 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.13355 Hackathons and Libraries <p>Libraries foster a thriving campus culture and function as “third space,” not directly tied to a discipline.<a href="applewebdata://F76A2879-2976-42BF-8214-0371ED1C1977#_edn1" name="_ednref1"><strong>[i]</strong></a> Libraries support both formal and informal learning, have multipurpose spaces, and serve as a connection point for their communities. For these reasons, they are an ideal location for events, such as hackathons, that align with library priorities of outreach, data and information literacy, and engagement focused on social good. Hackathon planners could find likely partners in either academic or public libraries as their physical spaces accommodate public outreach events and many are already providing similar services, such as makerspaces. Libraries can act solely as a host for events or they can embed in the planning process by building community partnerships, developing themes for the event, or harnessing the expertise already present in the library staff. This article, focusing on years from 2014 to 2020, will highlight the history and evolution of hackathons in libraries as outreach events and as a focus for using library materials, data, workflows, and content.</p> <p><a href="applewebdata://F76A2879-2976-42BF-8214-0371ED1C1977#_ednref1" name="_edn1">[i]</a> James K. Elmborg, “Libraries as the Spaces Between Us: Recognizing and Valuing the Third Space,” <em>Reference and User Services Quarterly </em>50, no. 4 (2011): 338–50.</p> Meris Mandernach Longmeier Copyright (c) 2021 Meris Mandernach Longmeier 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 40 4 10.6017/ital.v40i4.13389