Information Technology and Libraries <!--<p style="font-size: 125%;"><strong>Due to a planned system update, article submissions will not be possible from April 4-8, 2019</strong></p>--> <p><em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> publishes material related to all <strong>aspects of information technology in all types of libraries</strong>. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, library automation, digital libraries, metadata, identity management, distributed systems and networks, computer security, intellectual property rights, technical standards, geographic information systems, desktop applications, information discovery tools, web-scale library services, cloud computing, digital preservation, data curation, virtualization, search-engine optimization, emerging technologies, social networking, open data, the semantic web, mobile services and applications, usability, universal access to technology, library consortia, vendor relations, and digital humanities.</p> en-US <p>Authors that submit to&nbsp;<em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> agree to the <a title="Copyright Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Copyright Notice</a>.</p> (Ken Varnum) (Nancy Adams) Mon, 16 Sep 2019 07:45:06 -0700 OJS 60 Letter from the Editor (September 2019) <p>Letter from the Editor for September 2019.</p> Ken Varnum Copyright (c) 2019 Ken Varnum Sun, 15 Sep 2019 10:56:20 -0700 Sustaining LITA <p>September 2019 President's column.</p> Emily Morton-Owens Copyright (c) 2019 Emily Morton-Owens Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:03:04 -0700 On Educating Patrons On Privacy And Maximizing Library Resources <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Libraries are one of our most valuable institutions. They cater to people of all demographics and provide services to patrons they wouldn’t be able to get anywhere else. The list of services libraries provide is extensive and comprehensive, although unfortunately, there are significant gaps in what our services can offer, particularly those regarding technology advancement and patron privacy. Though library classes on educating patrons’ privacy protection are a valiant effort,&nbsp; we can do so much more and lead the way, maybe not for the privacy industry but for our communities and patrons. Creating a strong foundational knowledge will help patrons leverage these new skills in their day to day lives as well as help them educate their families about common privacy issues. In this column, we’ll explore some of the ways libraries can utilize their current resources as well as provide ideas on how we can maximize their effectiveness and roll new technologies into their operations. </span></p> Thomas Lamanna Copyright (c) 2019 Thomas Lamanna Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:09:53 -0700 Library-Authored Web Content and the Need for Content Strategy <p dir="ltr"><span lang="EN-CA">Increasingly sophisticated content management systems (CMS) allow librarians to publish content via the web and within the private domain of institutional learning management systems. “Libraries as publishers” may bring to mind roles in scholarly communication and open scholarship, but the authors argue that libraries’ self-publishing dates to the first “pathfinder” handout and continues today via commonly used, feature-rich applications such as WordPress, Drupal, LibGuides, and Canvas. Although this technology can reduce costly development overhead, it also poses significant challenges. These tools can inadvertently be used to create more noise than signal, potentially alienating the very audiences we hope to reach. No CMS can, by itself, address the fact that authoring, editing, and publishing quality content is both a situated expertise and a significant, ongoing demand on staff time. This article will review library use of CMS applications, outline challenges inherent in their use, and discuss the advantages of embracing content strategy.</span></p> Courtney McDonald, Heidi Burkhardt Copyright (c) 2019 Courtney McDonald and Heidi Burkhardt Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:14:40 -0700 Use of Language-Learning Apps as a Tool for Foreign Language Acquisition by Academic Libraries Employees <p class="AbstractText">Language-learning apps are becoming prominent tools for self-learners. This article investigates whether librarians and employees of academic libraries have used them and whether the content of these language-learning apps supports foreign language knowledge needed to fulfill library-related tasks. The research is based on a survey sent to librarians and employees of the University Libraries of the University of Colorado Boulder (UCB), two professional library organizations, and randomly selected employees of 74 university libraries around the United States. The results reveal that librarians and employees of academic libraries have used language-learning apps. However, there is an unmet need for language-learning apps that cover broader content including reading comprehension and other foreign language skills suitable for academic library work.</p> Kathia Ibacache Copyright (c) 2019 Kathia Ibacache Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:20:26 -0700 Is Creative Commons a Panacea for Managing Digital Humanities Intellectual Property Rights? <p class="AbstractText"><span lang="EN-CA">Digital humanities is an academic field applying computational methods to explore topics and questions in the humanities field. Digital humanities projects, as a result, consist of a variety of creative works different from those in traditional humanities disciplines. Born to provide free, simple ways to grant permissions to creative works, Creative Commons (CC) licenses have become top options for many digital humanities scholars to handle intellectual property rights in the US. However, there are limitations of using CC licenses that are sometimes unknown by scholars and academic librarians. By analyzing case studies and influential lawsuits about intellectual property rights in the digital age, this article advocates for a critical perspective of copyright education and provides academic librarians with specific recommendations about advising digital humanities scholars to use CC licenses with four limitations in mind: 1) the pitfall of a free license; 2) the risk of irrevocability; 3) the ambiguity of NonCommercial and NonDerivative licenses; 4) the dilemma of ShareAlike and the open movement.</span></p> Yi Ding Copyright (c) 2019 Yi Ding Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:24:56 -0700 “Am I on the library website?” <p class="AbstractText">In spring 2015, the Cal Poly Pomona University Library conducted usability testing with ten student testers to establish recommendations and guide the migration process from LibGuides version 1 to version 2. This case study describes the results of the testing as well as raises additional questions regarding the general effectiveness of LibGuides, especially when students rely heavily on search to find library resources.</p> Suzanna Conrad, Christy Stevens Copyright (c) 2019 Suzanna Conrad and Christy Stevens Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:29:32 -0700 Assessing the Effectiveness of Open Access Finding Tools <p>The open access (OA) movement seeks to ensure that scholarly knowledge is available to anyone with internet access, but being available for free online is of little use if people cannot find open versions. A handful of tools have become available in recent years to help address this problem by searching for an open version of a document whenever a user hits a paywall. This project set out to study how effective four of these tools are when compared to each other and to Google Scholar, which has long been a source of finding OA versions. To do this, the project used Open Access Button, Unpaywall, Lazy Scholar, and Kopernio to search for open versions of 1,000 articles. Results show none of the tools found as many successful hits as Google Scholar, but two of the tools did register unique successful hits, indicating a benefit to incorporating them in searches for OA versions. Some of the tools also include additional features that can further benefit users in their search for accessible scholarly knowledge.</p> Teresa Auch Schultz, Elena Azadbakht, Jonathan Bull, Rosalind Bucy, Jeremy Floyd Copyright (c) 2019 Teresa Auch Schultz, Elena Azadbakht, Jonathan Bull, Rosalind Bucy, and Jeremy Floyd Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:33:29 -0700 Creating and Deploying USB Port Covers at Hudson County Community College <p><span lang="EN-CA">In 2016, Hudson County (NJ) Community College (HCCC) deployed several wireless keyboards and mice with its iMac computers. Shortly after deployment, library staff found that each device’s required USB receiver (a.k.a. dongle) would disappear frequently. As a result, HCCC library staff developed and deployed 3D printed port covers to enclose these dongles. This, for a time, proved very successful in preventing the issue. This article will discuss the development of these port covers, their deployment, and what worked and did not work about the project.</span></p> Lotta Sanchez, John P DeLooper Copyright (c) 2019 Lotta Sanchez and John P DeLooper Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:38:15 -0700