Information Technology and Libraries <p><em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> publishes material related to all <strong>aspects of information technology in all types of libraries</strong>. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, library automation, digital libraries, metadata, identity management, distributed systems and networks, computer security, intellectual property rights, technical standards, geographic information systems, desktop applications, information discovery tools, web-scale library services, cloud computing, digital preservation, data curation, virtualization, search-engine optimization, emerging technologies, social networking, open data, the semantic web, mobile services and applications, usability, universal access to technology, library consortia, vendor relations, and digital humanities.</p> en-US <p>Authors that submit to&nbsp;<em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> agree to the <a title="Copyright Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Copyright Notice</a>.</p> (Ken Varnum) (Gabriel Feldstein) Mon, 16 Dec 2019 06:34:38 -0800 OJS 60 Letter from the Editor (December 2019) <p>On<span style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;the international impact and importance of an open access library technology journal.</span></p> Ken Varnum Copyright (c) 2019 Ken Varnum Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Joining Together <p>President's column about LITA as a welcoming organization and the hope that it will continue under Core.</p> Emily Morton-Owens Copyright (c) 2019 Emily Morton-Owens Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Virtual Reality <p>During the 2019 EDUCAUSE Annual Conference, a large proportion of programs were about virtual reality. This article discusses how virtual reality could be used in libraries and how some institutions are creating VR content.</p> Breanne Kirsch Copyright (c) 2019 Breanne Kirsch Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 VR Hackfest <p>We built the future of the web — today! Our four-person eLibrary team designed an afternoon workshop and corresponding network-connected public exhibit centered around two cutting-edge internet technologies: IPFS and A-Frame.</p> Chris Markman, M Hess, Dan Lou, Anh Nguyen Copyright (c) 2019 Chris Markman, M Hess, Dan Lou, Anh Nguyen Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 HathiTrust as a Data Source for Researching Early Nineteenth-Century Library Collections <p>An intriguing new opportunity for research into the nineteenth-century history of print culture, libraries, and local communities is performing full-text analyses on the corpus of books held by a specific library or group of libraries. Creating corpora using books that are known to have been owned by a given library at a given point in time is potentially feasible because digitized records of the books in several hundred nineteenth-century library collections are available in the form of scanned book catalogs: a book or pamphlet listing all of the books available in a particular library. However, there are two potential problems with using those book catalogs to create corpora. First, it is not clear whether most or all of the books that were in these collections have been digitized. Second, the prospect of identifying the digital representations of the books listed in the catalogs is daunting, given the diversity of cataloging practices at the time. This article will report on progress towards developing an automated method to match entries in early nineteenth-century book catalogs with digitized versions of those books, and will also provide estimates of the fractions of the library holdings that have been digitized and made available in the Google Books/HathiTrust corpus.</p> Julia Bauder Copyright (c) 2019 Julia Bauder Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Challenges and Strategies for Educational Virtual Reality <p class="normal">Virtual reality (VR) is a rich visualization and analytic platform that furthers the library’s mission of providing access to all forms of information and supporting pedagogy and scholarship across disciplines. Academic libraries are increasingly adopting VR technology for a variety of research and teaching purposes, which include providing enhanced access to digital collections, offering new research tools, and constructing new immersive learning environments for students. This trend suggests that positive technological innovation is flourishing in libraries, but there remains a lack of clear guidance in the library community on how to introduce these technologies in effective ways and make them sustainable within different types of institutions. In June 2018, the University of Oklahoma hosted the second of three forums on the use of 3D and VR for visualization and analysis in academic libraries, as part of the project Developing Library Strategy for 3D and Virtual Reality Collection Development and Reuse(LIB3DVR), funded by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. This qualitative study invited experts from a range of disciplines and sectors to identify common challenges in the visualization and analysis of 3D data, and the management of VR programs, for the purpose of developing a national library strategy.</p> Matt Cook, Zack Lischer-Katz, Nathan Hall, Juliet Hardesty, Jennifer Johnson, Robert McDonald, Tara Carlisle Copyright (c) 2019 Matt Cook, Zack Lischer-Katz, Nathan Hall, Juliet Hardesty, Jennifer Johnson, Robert McDonald, Tara Carlisle Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 From Digital Library to Open Datasets <p>This article discusses the burgeoning “collections as data” movement within the fields of digital libraries and digital humanities. Faculty at the University of Utah’s Marriott Library are developing a collections as data strategy by leveraging existing Digital Library and Digital Matters programs. By selecting various digital collections, small- and large-scale approaches to developing open datasets are explored. Five case studies chronicling this strategy are reviewed, along with testing the datasets using various digital humanities methods, such as text mining, topic modeling, and GIS (geographic information system).</p> Rachel Wittmann, Anna Neatrour, Rebekah Cummings, Jeremy Myntti Copyright (c) 2019 Rachel Wittmann, Anna Neatrour, Rebekah Cummings, Jeremy Myntti Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 A Comprehensive Approach to Algorithmic Machine Sorting of Library of Congress Call Numbers <p><span lang="EN-CA">This paper details an approach for accurately machine sorting Library of Congress (LC) call numbers which improves considerably upon other methods reviewed. The authors have employed this sorting method in creating an open-source software tool for library stacks maintenance, possibly the first such application capable of sorting the full range of LC call numbers. The method has potential application to any software environment that stores and retrieves LC call number information.</span></p> Corey Wetherington, Scott Wagner Copyright (c) 2019 Corey Wetherington, Scott Wagner Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Testing for Transition <p>This article describes multiple stages of usability testing that were conducted before and after a large research library’s transition to a new platform for its research guides. A large interdepartmental team sought user feedback on the design, content, and organization of the guide homepage, as well as on individual subject guides. This information was collected using an open-card-sort study, two face-to-face, think-aloud testing protocols, and an online survey. Significant findings include that users need clear directions and titles that incorporate familiar terminology, do not readily understand the purpose of guides, and are easily overwhelmed by excess information, and that many of librarians’ assumptions about the use of library resources may be mistaken. This study will be of value to other library workers seeking insight into user needs and behaviors around online resources.</p> Ashley Lierman, Bethany Scott, Mea Warren, Cherie Turner Copyright (c) 2019 Ashley Lierman, Bethany Scott, Mea Warren, Cherie Turner Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Business Intelligence in the Service of Libraries <p>This paper describes implementation of business intelligence tools in the libraries. A complete procedure for building a data warehouse is described on the case study of the BISIS library management system. During development of a data warehouse model, user requirements about reporting are detected and structure of already existing transactional databases in the BISIS system is analysed. Based on this analysis, three data warehouse models have been proposed that would satisfy the requirements for analytical processing of data.&nbsp;The paper presents the usage of one OLAP tool, but the proposed data warehouse model is independent of the choice of OLAP tools and any other tool can be integrated with the proposed data warehouse.</p> Danijela Tešendić, Danijela Boberić Krstićev Copyright (c) 2019 Danijela Tešendić, Danijela Boberić Krstićev Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800 Automated Storage & Retrieval System <p>The California State University, Northridge (CSUN) Oviatt Library was the first library in the world to integrate an automated storage and retrieval system (AS/RS) into its operations. The AS/RS continues to provide efficient space management for the library. However, added value has been identified in materials security and inventory as well as customer service. The concept of library as space, paired with improved services and efficiencies, has resulted in the AS/RS becoming a critical component of library operations and future strategy. Staffing, service, and security opportunities paired with support and maintenance challenges, enable the library to provide a unique critique and assessment of an AS/RS.</p> Justin Kovalcik, Mike Villalobos Copyright (c) 2019 Justin Kovalcik, Mike Villalobos Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 -0800