Information Technology and Libraries <!--<p style="font-size: 125%;"><strong>Due to a planned system update, article submissions will not be possible from April 4-8, 2019</strong></p>--> <p><em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> publishes material related to all aspects of information technology in all types of libraries. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, library automation, digital libraries, metadata, identity management, distributed systems and networks, computer security, intellectual property rights, technical standards, geographic information systems, desktop applications, information discovery tools, web-scale library services, cloud computing, digital preservation, data curation, virtualization, search-engine optimization, emerging technologies, social networking, open data, the semantic web, mobile services and applications, usability, universal access to technology, library consortia, vendor relations, and digital humanities.</p> en-US <p>Authors that submit to&nbsp;<em>Information Technology and Libraries</em> agree to the <a title="Copyright Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Copyright Notice</a>.</p> (Ken Varnum) (Nancy Adams) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:48 -0700 OJS 60 Letter from the Editor (March 2019) <p>Announcing our new regular column, Public Libraries Leading the Way, and summarizing this issue's contents.</p> Kenneth J. Varnum Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 LITA President’s Message: Updates from the 2019 ALA Midwinter Meeting <p>Updates from the 2019 ALA Midwinter Meeting</p> Bohyun Kim Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 Who Will Use This and Why? User Stories and Use Cases <p>User stories and use cases help focus any development project on those who stand to benefit, i.e. the project’s stakeholders, and can guard simultaneously against insufficient planning and software bloat. And the concepts, though most often thought of with respect to large-scale projects, apply in all circumstances, from the smallest feature request to an existing system to the redesign of a complex system.</p> Kevin M Ford Copyright (c) 2019 Kevin M Ford Mon, 18 Mar 2019 00:00:00 -0700 The Democratization of Artificial Intelligence: One Library’s Approach <p style="margin: 0in 0in 8pt;"><span style="font-family: Calibri; font-size: medium;">This article argues that the current technological revolution that is happening in Artificial Intelligence is not just about its prevalence in daily life, but the real revolution is about the emergence of AI tools that may help to democratize its use. Lowering the barrier to a technology that is perceived more as science fiction than accessible for mass utilization. A Public Library shares its approach in leveraging available tools to enable AI education for all. </span></p> Thomas K Finley Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 Library Services Navigation: Improving the Online User Experience <p>While the discoverability of traditional information resources is often the focus of library website design, there is also a need to help users find other services such as equipment, study rooms, and programs. A recent assessment of the Brigham Young University Library website identified nearly two hundred services. Many of these service descriptions were buried deep in the site, making them difficult to locate. This article will describe a web application that was developed to improve service discovery and to help ensure the accuracy and maintainability of service information on an academic library website.</p> Brian Rennick Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 Taking the Long Way Around: Improving the Display of HathiTrust Records in Primo <p>As with any shared format for serializing data, Primo’s PNX records have limits on the types of data which they pass along from the source records and into the Primo tool. As a result of these limitations, PNX records do not currently have a provision for harvesting and transferring rights information about HathiTrust holdings that the Kansas State University (KSU) Library system indexes through Primo. This created a problem, since Primo was defaulting to indicate that all HathiTrust materials were available to KSU Libraries (K-State Libraries) patrons, when only a limited portion of them actually were. This disconnect was infuriating some library users, and creating difficulties for the public services librarians. There was a library-wide discussion about removing HathiTrust holdings from Primo altogether, but it was decided that such a solution was an overreaction. As a consequence, the library IT department began a crash program to attempt to find a solution to the problem. The result was an application called hathiGenius.</p> Jason Alden Bengtson, Jason Coleman Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 The Map as a Search Box: Using Linked Data to Create a Geographic Discovery System <p class="AbstractText">This article describes a bibliographic mapping project recently undertaken at the Library of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW). The MARC Advisory Committeerecently approved an update to MARC that enables the use of dereferenceable Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) in MARC subfield $0. The ISAW Library has taken advantage of MARC’s new openness to URIs, using identifiers from the linked data gazetteer Pleiades in MARC records and using this metadata to create maps representing our library’s holdings. By populating our MARC records with URIs from Pleiades, an online, linked open data (LOD) gazetteer of the ancient world, we are able to create maps of the geographic metadata in our library’s catalog. This article describes the background, procedures, and potential future directions for this collection-mapping project.</p> Gabriel Mckee Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 Measuring Information System Project Success through a Software-Assisted Qualitative Content Analysis <p class="AbstractText">Information System (IS)/IT project success is a growing interest in management due to its high impact on organizational change and effectiveness. Libraries have been adopting integrated library systems (ILS) to manage services and resources for years. It is essential for librarians to understand the mechanism of IS project management in order to successfully bring technology innovation to the organization. This study develops a theoretical model of measuring IS project success and tests it in an ILS merger project through a software-assisted qualitative content analysis. The model addresses project success through three constructs: (1) project management process, (2) project outcomes, and (3) contextual factors. The results indicate project management success alone cannot guarantee project success; project outputs and contextual factors also influence success through the leadership of the project manager throughout the lifecycle. The study not only confirms the proposed model in a post-project evaluation, but also signifies that project assessment can reinforce organizational learning, increase the chance of achieving success, and maximize overall returns for an organization. The qualitative content analysis with NVivo 11 has provided a new research method for project managers to self-assess an IS/IT project success systematically and learn from their experiences throughout the project lifecycle.</p> Jin Xiu Guo Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 A Systematic Approach Towards Web Preservation <p class="AbstractText"><span lang="EN-CA">The main purpose of the article is to divide the web preservation process into small explicable stages and design a step-by-step web preservation process that leads to creating a well-organized web archive. A number of research articles are studied about web preservation projects and web archives, and designed a step-by-step systematic approach for web preservation. The proposed comprehensive web preservation process describes and combines strengths of different techniques observed during the study for preserving digital web contents into a digital web archive. For each web preservation step, different approaches and possible implementation techniques have been identified that can be adopted in digital archiving. The potential value of the proposed model is to guide the archivist, related personnel, and organizations to effectively preserved their intellectual digital contents for future use. Moreover, the model can help to initiate a web preservation process and create a well-organized web archive to efficiently manage the archived web contents. A section briefly describes the implementation of the proposed approach in a digital news stories preservation framework for archiving news published online from different sources.</span></p> Muzammil Khan, Arif Ur Rahman Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:47 -0700 Determining Textbook Cost, Formats, and Licensing with Google Books API: A Case Study from an Open Textbook Project <p class="AbstractText"><span lang="EN-CA">The rising cost of textbooks for students has been highlighted as a major concern in higher education, particularly in the US and Canada. Less has been reported, however, about the costs of textbooks outside of North America, including in Europe. We address this gap in the knowledge through a case study of one Irish higher education institution, focusing on the cost, accessibility, and licensing of textbooks. We report here on an investigation of </span>textbook <span lang="EN-CA">prices drawing from an official college course </span>catalog <span lang="EN-CA">containing several thousand books. We detail how we sought to determine metadata of these books including: the formats they are available in, whether they are in the public domain, and the retail prices. We explain how we used methods to automatically determine textbook costs using Google Books API and make our code and dataset publicly available. </span></p> Eamon Costello, Richard Bolger, Tiziana Soverino, Mark Brown Copyright (c) Mon, 18 Mar 2019 14:15:48 -0700