Affirmative Action Initiatives Around the World

Laura Dudley Jenkins, Michele S Moses


Affirmative action policies to increase the number of underrepresented students in higher education have expanded globally in the last quarter-century. Gender is the most prominent policy target. Institutions of higher education and governments have increasingly adopted race-neutral or multifaceted affir­mative action policies, in response to legislative threats, legal challenges or social criticism.


affirmative action; higher education; admissions; race; caste; gender; class; intersectionality

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