Challenges to Top-Ranked Private Universities in Poland

Joanna Musial-Sadilek


Although demographic change seriously threatens private higher education in Poland, part of the sector has means to cope. In contrast to the majority of private institutions, top-ranked private institutions enjoy semi-elite characteristics that shield them, not fully but partly, from negative impact on enrollment.


Private Higher Education and Privatization; Europe; Poland; top-ranked private; Polish private higher education

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