Changing Public-Private Dynamics in Polish Higher Education

Marek Kwiek


The public–private dynamics in systematically contracting Polish higher education has been changing rapidly. In the global context of the increasing reliance on cost-sharing mechanisms and the private sector growth, the Polish system seems to be moving in the opposite direction as our data show. The Polish trend of higher education de-privatization (in funding and enrolments) goes against the global trend of its privatization. The Polish case shows how fragile private higher education is when its dominating demand-absorbing subsector is confronted with a double challenge of changing demographics and massive public financing in the public sector.


public-private dynamics; private higher education; Poland; educational contraction; demographics

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