Defying the Norm: Explorations of Living Liberation

  • Amanda Garza Boston College
Keywords: comparative theology, Hinduism, Christianity, liberation theology


Using the works of Ivone Gebara and Anantanand Rambachan, this paper explores the concept of finding liberation on Earth. The ideals of Christianity and Hinduism make clear that a liberated life is possible and can even help play a role in denouncing systems of oppression. Anantanand Rambachan writes A Hindu Theology of Liberation: Not-Two is Not-One to emphasize how the Advaita truth that the atma is united with brahman proves the interconnectedness of humanity. Rambachan utilizes the fact of human relatedness to stress the necessity of advocating for others. These authors suggest that working towards social solidarity helps to free not only those oppressed, but indeed all people, as all are equally associated with the infinite brahman. Ivone Gebara and her work Out of the Depths examines human nature, aiming to highlight the voices and stories of women. Gebara connects daily suffering with moments of salvation while utilizing the interrelatedness of humans to free all from a limited view of God. The works of Ivone Gebara and Anantanand Rambachan encourage a more inclusive theology through the ideals of different religions. This paper uses these works to connect Earthly salvation with the need to promote justice and set the stage for further dialogue between Hinduism and Christianity.