Reforms in France: When Competition and Cooperation Clash

  • Christine Musselin
Keywords: Competition; cooperation; France; universities; reforms

Abstract

France has experienced two major waves of reforms in the past fifteen years. The first one enhanced cooperation at the local level and the second increased the level of competition. This paper describes these reforms and analyses how they interfered one with another.

Published
2019-09-17
How to Cite
Musselin, C. (2019). Reforms in France: When Competition and Cooperation Clash. International Higher Education, (99), 28-29. https://doi.org/10.6017/ihe.2019.99.11671
Section
Regions and Countries