National Systems of Higher Education: The U21 Rankings

  • Ross Williams
Keywords: University rankings, Universitas21, higher education


It is the quality of the higher education system as a whole, not just that of research intensive universities, that matters for the economic, social and cultural development of a nation.  The annual Universitas 21 (U21) rankings measure national performance in higher education in 50 countries over 25 attributes.  The relationship between the input and output measures enables conclusions to be drawn about the efficacy of different systems.

Author Biography

Ross Williams

Ross Williams is a professorial fellow at the Melbourne Institute of Ap- plied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne, Victo- ria, Australia, 3101. He leads the Universitas 21 (U21) ranking project, details of which may be found at 

How to Cite
Williams, R. (2016). National Systems of Higher Education: The U21 Rankings. International Higher Education, (84), 6-7.
The Rankings Game