Private Higher Education: Even France, Even For-Profit

Aurélien Casta, Daniel Levy


The dramatic growth of private higher education (PHE) in France, including a significant for-profit component, clashes with traditional notions of an omnipotent state ruling over higher education. But in fact the post-Napoleonic state has generally been accepting of the private educational sector, which has evolved from a religious to a markedly commercial orientation.


France; private; for-profit; state policy

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