The Credit System and Harmonisation of Higher Education in Ethiopia:
Implementation Practices and Challenges
This article analyses the implementation of a credit system and its contribution
to the harmonisation of higher education in Ethiopia. Harmonisation
has been used as a strategy to respond to the challenges of globalisation
and internationalisation. A credit system is one of the tools to accomplish
this objective. Harmonised academic policy, modularised curricula, and
the introduction of the new credit system, the European Credit Accumulation
and Transfer System are major initiatives that could contribute to
the harmonisation of higher education in the country. The article identifies
the factors that hinder this effort. The lack of clear policy directives on the
use of the academic credit system negatively impacted implementation of
the ECTS, calling for directives that clearly set out the details of a national
academic credit system which should apply across higher education institutions,
both public and private, and programmes at all levels.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).