The Credit System and Harmonisation of Higher Education in Ethiopia:
Implementation Practices and Challenges
This article analyses the implementation of a credit system and its contribution
to the harmonisation of higher education in Ethiopia. Harmonisation
has been used as a strategy to respond to the challenges of globalisation
and internationalisation. A credit system is one of the tools to accomplish
this objective. Harmonised academic policy, modularised curricula, and
the introduction of the new credit system, the European Credit Accumulation
and Transfer System are major initiatives that could contribute to
the harmonisation of higher education in the country. The article identifies
the factors that hinder this effort. The lack of clear policy directives on the
use of the academic credit system negatively impacted implementation of
the ECTS, calling for directives that clearly set out the details of a national
academic credit system which should apply across higher education institutions,
both public and private, and programmes at all levels.
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