Automated Essay Scoring With e-rater® V.2

  • Yigal Attali Educational Testing Service
  • Jill Burstein Educational Testing Service
Keywords: Automated essay scoring, e-rater


E-rater has been used by the Educational Testing Service for automated essay scoring since 1999. This paper describes a new version of e-rater (V.2) that is different from other automated essay scoring systems in several important respects. The main innovations of e-rater V.2 are a small, intuitive, and meaningful set of features used for scoring; a single scoring model and standards can be used across all prompts of an assessment; modeling procedures that are transparent and flexible, and can be based entirely on expert judgment. The paper describes this new system and presents evidence on the validity and reliability of its scores.
How to Cite
Attali, Y., & Burstein, J. (2006). Automated Essay Scoring With e-rater® V.2. The Journal of Technology, Learning and Assessment, 4(3). Retrieved from